Saturday, February 23, 2019

Blood Disorders

Lily, a 4-year-old Caucasian female, has she been complaining of being commonplace all told the time. She is pale and is a cross eater. Her start is a single(a) mom with a thin budget to feed a outstanding family. Lily eats only knightlya, breads, and risque dogs, and she drinks only artificial fruit punch. Lily has exhort deprivation anemia. Infants can be infected from the time of birth from plastered forms of anemia. Certain forms of anemia atomic number 18 transmissible.When girls argon not getting the beseeming pith of press in their diet then they may do bid deficiency. There argon much different symptoms of iron deficiency anemia but the close to common are s wellheading of the tongue, drying of the lips, and consume and craving ice. Lilys sire cannot afford the proper food alter with iron so the beaver thing that she can buy for Lily is foods and drinks that ca make use of vitamin C in it, such as orange juice. * * Davon is a 5-year-old African Ame rican male who has fair(a) moved to Chicago, and he is visiting his in the buff pediatrician for a kindergarten somatogenetic.His m different tells the nurse that she carries the reap hook cell property and wants Davon screened for it. Davon may take for the sickle cell trait. I would declare that it would be hard to determine if Devon has a channel unhealthiness be courting he has no symptoms. I do ideate that Devon is at guess of having sickle cell. reap hook cell is a indisposition that is inherited. African-Americans are at greater risk for the disease than any other ethnic group. Sickle cell is caused by genetic abnormality. It is appointd by a declination test. The crinkle test measures the amount of abnormal sickle hemoglobin.Sickle cell can be case-hardened by medications such as inconvenience oneself medications, anti-inflammatory medications, and antibiotics for infection. * * Spencer has noted over the past several weeks that he is having more bruises, or ecchymosed, all over his body. afterwards coughing this morning, he sight tiny red marks all around his eyes. Spencer has thrombocytopenia. I would say that Spencer is at risk for thrombocytopenia. Some symptoms for thrombocytopenia are easy or inordinatenessive bussing, prolonged hemorrhage from cuts, and bleeding from the gums or nose.You can diagnose thrombocytopenia with a physical exam and a neckcloth test. Sometimes no treatment is obligatory for thrombocytopenia because the problem heals on its own. However in some bailiwicks treatment may be undeniable for the underlying cause or perchance a blood blood transfusion from loss of blood. Thrombocytopenia could be prevented by treating the underlying causes that may cause thrombocytopenia. When having any type of blood perturbation the best way to bewilder healthy is by keeping a healthy diet and seeing your physician regularly. * * * * * Sources 1) WebMD 2) Mayo Clinic * * air DisordersBlood indispositions d escribe problems associated with blood components such as red blood cells, platelets, enzymes, germ plasm and white blood cells. The characteristics of blood disorders depend on the real blood disease. Blood disorders can also be associated with hereditary characteristics whereby some disease causing organisms are transferred from parents to children. Blood disorders or diseases lead to continuous bleeding in case of an injury and poor blood curdleting. Blood diseases outgrowth from abnormalities in blood itself or defects in blood vessels.The three granted cases in this paper relates to various blood disorders associated with lifestyle, genetics and injuries. The first case of four years Amy, who complains of tiredness al the time and eats pasta, breads and sulphurous dogs, and drinks artificial fruit punch, is a case of anemia. Amy is a pale and picky eater and her mother is single and cannot afford to feed large family so it means that her daughter consumes unbalanced diet. Anemia is a blood disorder whereby the number of red blood cells is insufficient to supply enough iron to body move (Hadorn Ernst, 1961).Iron deficiency is the main cause of anemia and children are vulnerable to this disorder. Main characteristics of anemia hold fatigue, slow healing of wounds, weakness, somnolence and dizziness. Amy complains of being tired all the time and this is one of the main symptoms of anemia. The blood disorder is diagnosed through examination of blood sample and in many cases the red blood cells are small and pale. Anemia is treated by iron tablets and consumption of vegetables such as spinach and foods rich in iron.Anemia in this case of Amy can be prevented through consumption of well balanced diet and avoiding any circumstances that can lead to excess bleeding such as injuries. In the case of Marcus, a five-year-old African American male whose mother wants the nurse to screen his son for trait is a case of hemochromatosis. It is a case of hereditary blood disorder that has been transferred from mother to son. Hemochromatosis is one of the common hereditary blood disorders that excite body tissues to absorb too much iron. Being a hereditary disorder, hemochromatosis is known to develop from dietary iron intake (King E.John, 2002). The blood disorder leads to severe iron overlap in children and young adults. It is caused by defect in HFE gene responsible for controlling amount of iron observed from food. Children who inherit the defective gene from one parent draw carries of the disease but may not develop it. Symptoms of hemochromatosis include joint pain, abdominal pain, and fatigue and heart problems. The blood disorder is diagnosed by collecting information concerning family history, physical examination and routine blood tests.Hemochromatosis is treated by controlling the amount of iron getting into the body through phlebotomy process. Prevention of hemochromatosis is very technical as it is a hereditary disease transferre d from parents to children through genetics. However, it can be prevented by protect the body from excess iron. In the case of Richard, he is likely to have thrombosis as is analyzed in his body condition of legion(predicate) bruises and tiny red marks around his eyes. Thrombosis is clotting of blood vessels because of blood clot that blocks a vein or artery. Blood clot is caused by wrong of blood vessel or changes in blood flow.Symptoms of thrombosis include numerous bruises, swelling of body parts and red spots as a result of blood clot (Wood M. Stephen, 1997). Physical examination of body parts is the best alternative for thrombosis diagnosis. The blood disorder is treated by an anticoagulant medication that allows thinning of blood. Thrombosis can be prevented through wearing of pressure stockings and use of blood thinners. References Hadorn Ernst, 1961, Developmental Genetics and Lethal Factors, Methuen, Ursula Mittwoch. King E. John, 2002, Mayo Clinic on Digestive Health, Ma son Crest. Wood M. Stephen, 1997, Conguering High Blood Pressure, Perseus Books.Blood DisordersLily, a 4-year-old Caucasian female, has she been complaining of being tired all the time. She is pale and is a picky eater. Her mother is a single mom with a small budget to feed a large family. Lily eats only pasta, breads, and hot dogs, and she drinks only artificial fruit punch. Lily has iron deficiency anemia. Infants can be infected from the time of birth from certain forms of anemia. Certain forms of anemia are hereditary.When girls are not getting the proper amount of iron in their diet then they may become iron deficiency. There are many different symptoms of iron deficiency anemia but the most common are swelling of the tongue, drying of the lips, and eating and craving ice. Lilys mother cannot afford the proper food filled with iron so the best thing that she can buy for Lily is foods and drinks that have vitamin C in it, such as orange juice. * * Davon is a 5-year-old African A merican male who has just moved to Chicago, and he is visiting his new pediatrician for a kindergarten physical.His mother tells the nurse that she carries the sickle cell trait and wants Davon screened for it. Davon may have the sickle cell trait. I would say that it would be hard to determine if Devon has a blood disorder because he has no symptoms. I do think that Devon is at risk of having sickle cell. Sickle cell is a disease that is inherited. African-Americans are at greater risk for the disease than any other ethnic group. Sickle cell is caused by genetic abnormality. It is diagnosed by a blood test. The blood test measures the amount of abnormal sickle hemoglobin.Sickle cell can be treated by medications such as pain medications, anti-inflammatory medications, and antibiotics for infection. * * Spencer has noted over the past several weeks that he is having more bruises, or ecchymosed, all over his body. After coughing this morning, he noticed tiny red marks all around his eyes. Spencer has thrombocytopenia. I would say that Spencer is at risk for thrombocytopenia. Some symptoms for thrombocytopenia are easy or excessive bussing, prolonged bleeding from cuts, and bleeding from the gums or nose.You can diagnose thrombocytopenia through a physical exam and a blood test. Sometimes no treatment is necessary for thrombocytopenia because the problem heals on its own. However in some cases treatment may be necessary for the underlying cause or perhaps a blood transfusion from loss of blood. Thrombocytopenia could be prevented by treating the underlying causes that may cause thrombocytopenia. When having any type of blood disorder the best way to stay healthy is by keeping a healthy diet and seeing your physician regularly. * * * * * Sources 1) WebMD 2) Mayo Clinic * *

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