Monday, May 6, 2019

Wheelchair Basketball Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 words

Wheelchair hoops - Essay ExampleThe item that these soldiers were recently paralyzed led to a lot of frustration and no outlet for them to channel their energy. As they began rehabilitation and searched for a physical outlet to relieve stress they decided what better than sports? (Schweiker 1954) The soldiers began with sports such as ping-pong, catch and pool, then it went to bowling, volleyball and swimming, then to the more energy requiring sports such as water polo, touch-football, softball and basketball. Although several other sports have now been added, it was basketball that overshadowed the others in a few years m in overall popularity. In 1946, other historical documents reveal that the California Chapter of Paralyzed Veterans of America compete the very root match of organized wheelchair basketball, two weeks prior to the New England Chapter. According to these facts, it thereafter dot crossways the nation to the VA hospitals in Chicago, Memphis, Boston, Richmond an d New York. Not before long, the sport had spread across the border to the UK and to Canada as well. (Schweiker 1954) By time 1948 rolled around, there were six teams in total in the United States. All were members of the PVA and all functioned from Veteran hospitals. This was the same year that the Birmingham, California team obtained a sponsored tour to travel by plane, and play other paraplegic teams across the nation. The immediate result of the first sponsored tour of the Birmingham Flying Wheels was the development of the first wheelchair basketball team outside of VA hospitals in Kansas City. The first civilian hometown team was known as the Kansas City Wheelchair Bulldozers (later known as the City Rolling Pioneers). (Schweiker 1954) In 1955, the Touring U.S. pan off Am Jets team was the first to bring wheelchair basketball to England, when they participated in the first international competition at Stoke Mandeville. (GBWA.org 2011) Now, there are several teams throughout t he United Stated, UK, and rest of the world. The first World Championships for Men, the grand Cup, took place in Bruges, Belgium in 1975, but has long since continued on thereafter. In the UK, The Great Britain Wheelchair Basketball Association governs wheelchair basketball. The GBWA is a registered charity and forms the representative body of wheelchair basketball in Northern Ireland, Scotland, Wales and England. Teams in the GBWA union consist of the RGK TCAT Rhinos, Sheffield Steelers, Teamside Owls, GLL Capital City Raiders, Essex Outlaws, Knights and Aces. However there are several more teams at divers(prenominal) divisional levels. GBWA.org 2011) Aside from the GBWA there is also the Welsh Wheelchair Basketball Association WWBA. The International Wheelchair Basketball coalition (IWBF) governs the sport itself. The height of the basket and the size of the court are the same as in the streamlet version of the game (10 feet from the floor and 28mx 15m, respectively). The dur ation of for all international games is 40 minutes. In terms of eligibility, athletes employ wheelchairs play wheelchair basketball, and whose disabilities might include lower limb amputations, paraplegia, polio and cerebral palsy. In general terms, every individual who cannot participate in stand-up running basketball as the direct result of an injury, disable condition, etc. is eligible to play wheelchair basketball. It is important to note that not all participants in wheelchair basketball habituate a wheelchair for daily living. (Paralympics.org 2011). Other important classifications to notice are the points rating system. Athletes in wheelchairs are class by their physical

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