Monday, January 27, 2014

Austria Once the center of power for the large Austro-Hungarian

Austria Once the center of power for the large Austro-Hungarian Empire, Austria was reduced to a small republic after its defeat in line of products War I. Following the capturing by Nazi Germany in 1938 and pursual lineage by the conquering associates, Austrias 1955 State con nameity decl bum the county permanently Neutral as a delimitate of Soviet armed services withdrawal. Neutrality has been cryed into question since the Soviet collapsed and Austrias change magnitude prominent role in European affairs. A smashed country, Austria joined the European Union in 1955 and the euro monetary remains in 1999. Austria with its high standard of living and well-developed food commercialize economy is closely tied to new(prenominal) EU economies, particularly Germanys. social rank in the EU has drawn an influx of exotic investors attracted by Austrias access to the single European market. Austria has brought its add together public division nigglingage agglomerate to 2.1% of GDP in 1999 and public debt- at 63.1% of GDP in 1998 -more or poor in line with the 60% of GDP required by the EMUs Maastricht criteria. To meet increased competition from both(prenominal) EU and Central European countries, Austria will need to call direction to knowledge -based divisions of the economy and deregulate the service sector. Growth, which slowed to 2% in 1999, probably will rebound to 2.8% in both 2000 and 2001. Austria is locate in Central Europe and north of Italy and Slovenia. Its line of latitude and Longitude be 47 20 north and 13 20 east. Austria has a chalk up of 83,858 sq km, 82,738 sq km of it is take down and 1,120 is water. It borders Czech republic, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Liechtenstein, Slovakia, Slovenia, and Switzerland. It has no oceans or seas because it is landlocked. In the western and southern beas ar more often than not mountains (Alps). In the east and northern aras it is flat or lightly sloping. The lowest point of Austri a is Nuesiedler See 115 m and its highest po! int is Grossglockner, which is 3,798 m. Austrias immanent resources atomic number 18 iron ore, oil, timber, magnetite, lead, coal, lignite, copper, and hydropower. Austrias land use is 17% arable land, 1% permanent crops, 23% permanent pastures, 39% forests and woodland, and 20% early(a). 40 sq km is irrigated land. The universe of Austria is 8,131,111 people. 17% argon 0-14 (male 697,283; feminine 663,459), 68% be 15-64 (male 2,787,555;female 2,731,446)and 15% 65 and older (male 474,067; female 77,301). The population footstep is 0.25%, Birth sum up is 9.9births/1,000 people, Death Rate 9.91 cobblers lasts/1,000 people. The net migration outrank is 2.46 migrant(s)/1,000 people. The infant death rate is 4.5 deaths/1,000 live births. The life prediction in Austria of append population is 77.68, males atomic number 18 74.52 eld and females ar 80.99 years. The total profuseness rate is 1.39 children born/woman. The different ethnical groups are Germans 98%, Croatian, Slov ene, other ( Hungarians, Czechs, Slovaks, and Roma). The religious groups are popish Catholic 78%, Protestant 5%, Muslim and other 17%. Austrians call German. The countrys conventional long form is Republic of Austria, conventional defraud form is Austria, local long form is Republik Oesterreich and local short form is Oesterreich. The government of Austria is federal republic. The dandy is Vienna. Austria has 9 divisions or states. They are Burgenland, Kaernten, Niederoesterreich, Oberoesterreich, Salzburg, Stiermark, Tirol, Vorarlberg, and Wien. October 26th is Austrias national holiday. In Austria in that respect are 3.726 zillion in use sound and 83,000 more integrated Services Digital Network connections. 2.31 trillion mobile phones are in use. on that point are 6.08 million tuners in Austria. The radio stations in Austria are AM 1, FM 61 (plus several hundred repeaters), and shortwave 1. There are 51 (plus 920 repeaters ) telecasting broadcast stations and 4.25 mill ion televisions in use. In Austria there are 35 ISPs ! (Internet Service Providers). Austria has 6,123 km (3,523 electrified) of railways. It also has 358 km of waterways. Austria has 777 km of crude oil and 840 km of natural tout in pipelines. The only ports or harbors Austria has are Linz, Vienna, Enns, and Krems. Austria also has 55 airports. There are a total of 22 airports with a paved runway. 12 are chthonic 914 m, 3 are 914 to 1,523 m, 1 is 1,524 to 2,437 m, 5 are 2,438 to 3,047 m, 1 is over 3,047. There are a total of 33 airports with an unpaved runway. 29 are under 914m, and 4 are 914 to 1,523 m. In the military 51,335 males reach military age a year. In Austria you croupt join the military until you are 19 years of age. Military expenditures are 1.7 gazillion and share of GDP is 1.2%. Austrias industries are construction, machinery, vehicles and parts, food, chemicals, lumber and wood, processing, newspaper and paperboard, communications equipment, and tourism. The industrial proceeds ripening rate is 2.3%. The electr icity production is 56.066 jillion kilowatts. The source of the electricity is fossil fuel:31.46%, hydro:65.92%,no nuclear, and other:2.62%. 51.891 billion kilowatts are used. 10.5 billion kilowatts are exported and 10.25 billion kilowatts are imported. Austria agricultural products are grains, potatoes, lettuce beets, wine, fruit, dairy products, cattle, pigs, poultry, and lumber. $62.9 billion outlayy is exported. Austria exports to EU 65% (Germany 36%, Italy 9%, France 5%), Switzerland 5%, Hungary 5%, and US 4.5%. The export supplies are machinery and equipment, chemicals, metal goods, paper products, iron and steel, textiles, and foodstuff. Austria imports $69.9 billion worth from EU 70% (Germany 42%, Italy 8 %, France 5%), US 5%, Hungary 3%, and Switzerland. $31.7 billion is external debt. 1 Austrian schilling (AS)=100groschen. 1 euro=0.9867 US dollars, 1austrian schilling=11.86 US dollars, however now the euro took over the Austrian schilling. If you want to get a full essay, order it! on our website:

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