Population:With 26,851,195 (in 2005) people, Uzbekistan has the oversizest cosmos of the representer Soviet amountrys in rally Asia, and the ternion-largest population of any former Soviet republic. Population tautness is 60 people per sq km. The population was 37 per cent urban in 2003 and life expectancy was 61 years for men and 68 years for women. The country?s population ingathering stride was close 1.7 per cent per year in 2005. wellness Problems:In 1999 there were 354 people to each doctor, and in 2005 the child deathrate rate was 71 deaths per 1,000 live births. Expenditure on wellness in 2002 was 3 per cent of gross domestic product. Economy:The GDP per capita of Uzbekistan is a low $2000 US, with 33% of the population that lives below the p all overty line. This dismantle though it exports $5 billion f.o.b. Tertiary, Primary, secondary winding industries:Agriculture contri just nowed about 35 per cent of GDP and accounts for 34 per cent of substance employment . Cotton is the primary crop? Uzbekistan is a leading maker of seed cotton. The republic is also the largest manufacturer of silk and karakul pelts in the former USSR. Other important crops imply wheat, rice, barley, and a unsubtle variety of fruits and vegetables. Since most of Uzbekistan?s tillage is devoted to cotton-growing, however, the republic has become very dependent on outside sources of food. It must(prenominal) import about two thirds of the grain, unmatchable third of the meat, one quarter of the milk, and half of the potatoes consumed in the republic. Legislation was passed in 1992 to get private enterprise in agriculture and by 1996 more than than than 90 per cent of state farms had been transferred to the private sector, which accounted for more than 98 per cent of agricultural production in the desire year. genteel Unrest:Uzbekistan?s rate of violent crime, including against foreigners, has change magnitude in recent years. In urban expanses, traveler s are urged to perplex the same precautions! against crime that they would take in a large American city. In Uzbekistan, many riots arise due to generally semipolitical issues, sometimes causing a raftive polished war. cardinal major example of this is the ?Andijan massacre.? When Uzbek Interior Ministry and National aegis emolument troops fired into a crowd of protesters in Andijan, Uzbekistan on 13 May 2005. Estimates of those killed range from between 187 (the authorized count of the politics) and 5,000 people, with most outside reports estimating several hundred dead. The read spot of victims is still uncertain. The bodies of many of those who died were hidden in mass grave after the massacre. Colonial History:Although Uzbeks have lived in the area of present-day Uzbekistan for centuries, a national Uzbek political entity was form for the initial time in the 1920s. The region of present-day Uzbekistan was the grade of the antediluvian patriarch Persian province of Sogdiana and was conquered by the Macedonia n leader horse parsley the Great in the fourth hundred BC and by the Arabs in the 8th century AD. It was incorporated in the Mongolian empire of ?Genghis Khan? in the 13th century and the Mongol empire of Tamerlane in the fourteenth century.
The Uzbek khanates of Bukhara (also spelled Bukhoro) and Khiva emerged in the 16th century, and the Kokand khanate was formed in the 18th century. Russian control was extended over the region between 1865 and 1873, with Khiva and Bukhara rest vassal states of Russia. Natural Resources:Uzbekistan is profuse in mineral resources that imply natural gas, petroleum, coal, gold, s ilver, uranium, copper, lead, zinc, molybdenum, and t! ungsten. Irrigation systems fed by the two major river systems obtain agricultural production more or less the fat river valleys. Electrical production is principally by thermal plants but there are some hydroelectric sources. political perceptual constancy:Chief of state: President Islom KARIMOV (since 24 evidence 1990, when he was elected chair by the then independent Soviet)Head of government: Prime Minister Shavkat MIRZIYAYEV (since 11 December 2003) cabinet: footlocker of Ministers appointed by the president with approval of the Supreme AssemblyElections: president elected by popular vote for a seven-year term. The alternating(a) results: Islom KARIMOV reelected, % of vote = Islom KARIMOV - 91.9%, and Abdulkhafiz JALALOV - 4.2%-Last election was last held on the 9th January 2000 (next to be held in 2007). -Prime minister, ministers, and deputy ministers are appointed by the president. Bibliography:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikihttps://www.cia.gov/depository progr am library/publications/the-world-factbook/ If you want to get a full essay, order it on our website: OrderCustomPaper.com
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